PSY312H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: John Stuart Mill, Associationism, Maynards

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16 Jul 2015
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What is this animal now? : many of the 3-year-olds thought that maynard had become a dog. Are some capabilities innate: the question of infants" initial endowment has elicited many speculation. Infants also possess surprising knowledge of the properties of objects: by 3 months, the earliest age which knowledge has been successfully measured: Infants show some understanding that objects continue to exist even when they move behind other objects and cannot be seen. That objects move along spatially continuous paths. That solid objects cannot move through one another: such knowledge is not identical to the knowledge of adults (ex: block on top of block) Infants possess general learning mechanisms that help acquire a wide range of new knowledge: ex: imitation. Such repetitions provide a way for infants to learn new behaviours and also to strengthen their bond with those they imitate, particularly their parents: ex: statistical learning, involves extracting sequential patterns from input.

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