process that are involved in carrying out the task.
-If performing well on the task depends heavily on working memory or on speedy
processing of lots of info, there will be undoubtedly be an age-related deficit.
-In decision-making tasks in which a lot of information is presented quickly, age-
related slowing in the speed of processing can cause some new information to be missed
because of the delay in the processing of presented info. Produces a “bottleneck” at input
and at retrieval that limits the quantity of info that can be processed.
- If the decision making task requires active reconfiguration of info in the working
memory, older adults will a disadvantage
- If the decision making task involves shifting from one strategy to another, an age-
related deficit is likely because of the effects of brain aging on processes associated with the
- In contrast, if cognitive processing demands of decision making are not excessive,
and good performance depends on affective or emotional processes, it is likely that there
would not be an age-related deficit in the performance of healthy adults.
-Deliberative processing: a variety of individual-controlled cognitive processes such as
working memory and strategic or executive cognitive functions. Known to decline with
-Some studies show no changes in emotional functioning and emotional regulation, where
as other studies actually show age-related gains in affective processing
-fewer images in the older age group compared to the younger and middle aged groups.
However the ratio of positive to negative events is highest in the older age group.
Suggesting a positivity effect
-The positivity effect refers to a developmental pattern in which a disproportionate
preference for negative information in youth shifts across adulthood to a disproportionate
preference for positive information in later life
- Passive emotional regulation strategies refer to suppressing feelings or not trying to
change the situation
-Include planful problem solving (PPS) and cognitive analysis (CA)
-Instrumental Strategies refer to taking direct actions to solve the problem