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Chapter 1

PSY315H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Noam Chomsky, Sociolinguistics, Psycinfo


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY315H5
Professor
Craig Chambers
Chapter
1

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Chapter #1 Glossary
behaviorism
The theoretical perspective that seeks to explain behavior in terms of factors external to the mind.
See also Cognitivism.
CHILDES
Child Language Data Exchange System. A computer program for the analysis of transcripts, and
an archive of previously collected transcripts of children’s speech.
cognitive science
An interdisciplinary field including psychology, linguistics, philosophy, computer science, and
neuroscience devoted to understanding how the mind works.
Cognitivism
The theoretical perspective that seeks to explain behavior in terms of processes that occur inside
the mind. See also Behaviorism.
computational modeling
A method of testing hypotheses about how a process, such as language acquisition, works by
implementing a model of that process in a computer program and asking whether the computer
can mimic the process that is being modeled.
connectionism
A theoretical perspective that holds that thinking consists of activating connections in a network of
interconnected nodes and of activation spreading in this network along paths determined by the
strengths of the connections among those nodes.
constructivism
A view of development that holds that language (or any form of knowledge) is constructed by the
child using inborn mental equipment that operates over information provided by the environment.
developmental approach
The approach to research on language development that attempts to answer the question, What
is the course of language development, and how can we explain it?See also Learnability
approach.
developmental systems approach/epigenetic approach
The approach to the study of development based on the premise that development is the result of
interactions between genes and the environment and their mutual influences as they unfold over
time.
dynamical systems theory
An approach to studying complex systems that focuses on self-organizing processes of such
systems and assumes that novel behaviors emerge from the interaction of components of the
system and the environment.
emergentism
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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