chapter 5.docx

7 views2 pages
Published on 21 Apr 2013
School
UTM
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY345H5
chapter 5
multicultural education - education that promotes learning about multiple cultures
multicultural education arose from the belief that the needs of certain children were not being met
purposes and approaches to education
aerican education is aimed at the masses and performance is judged in terms of average -> schools attempt to
bring students to similar level
cultural pluralism and the role of education
multicultural education promotes cultural pluralism - multiple cultures living together in a manner that
preserve cultural diff -> teaches all students about cultural diversity, not only aimed at students of racial
minorities
multicultural education promotes the notion that schools should encourage students to gain info about multiple
cultures -> opposes once prevalent view that schools should minimize cultural diff
general education - tries to bring everyone to similar level of understanding; the achievement is evaluated on the
basis of an average or norm
o ***norm based averages - comparison of person’s achievement to the average achievement scores of the
same age classmates
special education - focuses on individual; evaluation is based on individual attainment (accomplishment)
multicultural education - similar to general ed, the goal is to achieve consistency; unlie general ed, sees school as
a powerful tool for promoting diversity
multiculturalism and special education
disproportionally large number of students are placed in special ed are from cultural backgrounds
special ed has been used as a tool of discrimination; a way of separating minorities from majority
factors that inc student’s risk for academic failure - diverse cultural background; limited english and poverty ->
ot necessarily need special ed
disproportionally large number of students are from nonmainstream cultural backgrounds
overrepresentation is a cause for concern
black and latino kids appear more freq than expected in special ed
disproportionally few cultural backgrounds are found in gifted programs
mainstream society determines the assessment, diagnosis and treatment that result more nonmainstream kids in
special ed than expected in special ed
school drop out is the highest for Latino/ Hispanics **********
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Document Summary

Multicultural education - education that promotes learning about multiple cultures. Multicultural education promotes cultural pluralism - multiple cultures living together in a manner that preserve cultural diff -> teaches all students about cultural diversity, not only aimed at students of racial minorities. ***norm based averages - comparison of person"s achievement to the average achievement scores of the same age classmates special education - focuses on individual; evaluation is based on individual attainment (accomplishment) Mainstream society determines the assessment, diagnosis and treatment that result more nonmainstream kids in special ed than expected in special ed school drop out is the highest for latino/ hispanics ********** Measurement bias - inaccuracy of test results that is related to cultural background and not related to the child"s actual abilities. Test bias - unfair test or testing procedure that creates a disadvantage for one group as a consequence of factors unrelated to ability, such as culture, race, age.

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