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Chapter 6

textbook chapter 6 summary

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Dax Urbszat

Nov32003 CHANAPS Notes From Reading C HAPTER 6: LEARNING Chapter 6 Learning - learning refers to a relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience - much research on learning conducted on animals because researchers can exert greater control over animal subjects than human subjects - conditioning involves learning associations between events that occur in an organisms environment. Classical Conditioning - Phobias are irrational fears of specific objects or situations. - Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus Pavlovs Demonstration: Psychic Reflexes - Ivan Pavlov was a prominent Russian Physiologist who did Nobel prize winning research on digestion - Studying the role of saliva in the digestive processes of dogs when he stumbled onto what he called psychic reflexes - As his research progressed, he noticed that dogs accustomed to the procedure would start salivating before the meat power was presented - They would salivate in response to a clicking sound made by the device that was used to present the meat powder - Used a simple auditory stimulus (presentation of a tone) and then the meat powder - Dogs started salivating to the sound of the tone alone - Tone started out as a neutral stimulus (did not originally produce the response of salivation) - Pavlov had demonstrated how learning associations- which were viewed as the basic building blocks of the entire learning process- were formed by events in an organisms environment Terminology and Procedures - bond between the beat power and salivation was a natural, unlearned association and did not have to be created through conditioning - Unconditioned stimulus is a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning. The unconditioned response is an 14 www.notesolution.com
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