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Dax Urbszat (681)
Chapter 16

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Dax Urbszat

Psychology Chapter 16 Review: Social Behavior  Social psychology  branch of psychology concerned with the way individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior are influenced by others  Person perception  the process of forming impressions on others  Social schemas  organized clusters of idea about categories of social events and people  Stereotypes  widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of their membership in a particular group o Gender stereotypes o Ethnic stereotypes o Age stereotypes o Occupational stereotypes  Illusory correlation  occurs when people estimate that they have encountered more confirmations of an association between social traits than they have seen  In-group  a group that one belongs to and identifies with  Out-group  a group that one does not belong to and does not identify with  Attributions (Fritz Heider) inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others behaviour and their own behavior o Ex: concluding that you failed to plan ahead because you're a procrastinator, you’ve made an attribution about the cause of your own behavior o Internal attribution  ascribe the causes of behavior to personal dispositions, traits, abilities and feelings  Ex: friends business fails, you attribute it to his/her lack of business acumen o External attributions  ascribes the causes of behavior to situational demands and environmental constraints  Ex: negative trends in a nation’s economic climate o Stable attribution  permanent o Unstable attribution  temporary o Ex: failing to get the job that you wanted  Stable – internal  lack of ability  Unstable - Internal  inadequate effort to put together a great resume  Stable – external  too much outstanding competition  Unstable – internal  bad luck o Fundamental attribution error  which refers to the observers bias in favour of internal attributions in explaining others behavior  Ex: customer at a bank lashes out at the teller (for making a mistake on their account), observers conclude the customer is rude and quarrelsome o Defensive attribution  is a tendency to blame victims for their misfortune so that one’s feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way o Ex: friend gets mugged, you blame the friend for being careless and in the bad neighborhood at that time while in reality it was just pure bad luck for the victim o Self-serving bias  tendency to attribute ones successes to personal factors and
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