Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders
ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR: MYTHS, REALTIES, AND CONTROVERSIES
1. The medical model of abnormal behaviour
2. The criteria of abnormal behaviour
3. Stereotypes regarding psychological disorders
4. The classification of psychological disorders
5. How common such disorders are.
What is the medical model?
• The medical model is basically that abnormal behaviour is a disease.
• Diagnosis – distinguishing one illness from another
• Etiology – what caused and developed the illness
• Prognosis – what is expected course of the illness
What is the criteria of abnormal behaviour?
1. Deviance – deviates what society thinks is right
2. Maladaptive behaviour – everyday behaviour is impaired (drugs)
3. Personal distress – feel distressed LMFAO (anxiety disorder)
What are the stereotypes of psychological disorders?
1. Psychological disorders are incurable
2. People with psychological disorders are considered dangerous or violent
3. People with psychological disorders behaviour differently or bizarrely
How to classify disorders?
People nowadays use the DMSIV but it is based on the DMS III which has 5 axis
Axis I ▯diagnosis of disorder, most types
Axis II ▯diadnosis of disorder, personality / intellectual
Axis III ▯physical disorder
Axis IV ▯types of stress patient dealt with in that year
Axis V ▯the patients current level of functioning LMFAO
^^ how awkward would that be like you go to get checked out and they’re like... yeah you’re so fucked up
you cant function... like awks in a box
How common are psychological disorders?
• It is hard to say how prevalent psychological disorders are
• Epidemiology – the study of the distribution of mental or physical disorders in a population
• Prevalence – percentage of a population that exhibits a disorder during a specified time period
Anxiety disorders – a class of disorders that are marked by excessive anxiety
What is generalized anxiety disorder? • People who experience high level of anxiety for no fucking reason
• Also called freefloating anxiety
What is phobic disorder?
When there is a specific object or focus that causes the anxiety.
What is panic disorder and agoraphobia?
Panic disorder is when there are recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety
Agoraphobia is the fear of going out in public
What is obsessive – compulsive disorder?
OCD is when you obsess and have several compulsions
What is posttraumatic stress disorder (PSTD)
• Often from traumatic event, rape natural disasters
• PTSD doesn’t always surface right away, might end up happening months later
What is the etiology of anxiety disorders?
• Biological and psychological factors
What are the biological factors of anxiety disorders?
• Twin studies and family studies suggest that there is a moderate genetic predisposition to anxiety
• There is a link between anxiety disorder and petrochemical activity.
How does conditioning affect anxiety disorders?
• Just like in chapter 6 it talks about classical conditioning, and operant conditioning. So anxiety
stimuli is produced after classical conditioning. (boy gets covered in snow by an avalance, now
he fears snow)
• Also mentions how Seligman’s “preparedness” which is how we’re able to acquire fears more
easily from our evolutionary history than modern shit.
What are some cognitive factors for anxiety disorders?
• How you think can make you more vulnerable
Stress and anxiety disorders
• ... more stressed you are the more likely you can have an anxiety disorder.