Chapter 16: Social Behaviour
How do people form impressions of other?
Person perception: the process of forming impression of others
• Effects of physical appearance
o Social schemas: organized clusters of ideas about categories of social shit
• Illusionary correlation: people estimate that they have encountered more confirmations of
association between social traits that they really seen
Attributions: inferences that people draw about behaviour
What’s the different between internal VS external attributions
• Internal attributions is when people use personal traits and abilities to blame on their behaviour
• External is just situational demands or environmental constraints
What are the attributions for success and failure ?
Stability ▯4 categories
• Internalstable (your excellent ability)
• Internalunstable (hard work to assemble resume)
• Externalstable (lac of topflight competition)
• External – unstable (good luck)
What are some biases in attributions?
• Fundamental attribution error ▯observers bias in favour of internal attributions in explaining
• The bank example, you throw a huge fit in a bank where observers believe you’re all these
negative traits, yet in your opinion you think you’re easy going just everything was frustrating.
• Tendency to blame victims for their misfortune s that ones feel less likely to be victimized in the
What are some culture and attributional tendencies
• Individualism ▯putting person goals ahead of group goals, defined ones identity in terms of
• Collectivism ▯putting group goals ahead of person goals and defining ones identity in terms of
the group one belongs to
CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS Interpersonal attraction: positive feelings toward another
What are the key factors in attraction ?
• Physical attractiveness
o Matching hypothesis: males and females that have same attractive level are more likely to
get the fuckening on.
• Similarity effects
What is Passionate and companionate love
• Passionate love is basically complete absorption in another and includes tender sexual feelings
• Companionate love is warm trusting affection for another whose life is intertwined with ones
o 2 categories
o intimacy which is warmth closeness and sharing the relationship
o Commitment which is just intent to maintain relationship
Love as attachment?
• Depending how infants had an attachement to their caregiver can deermine how they are in
• 2 types of attachment
o Attachment anxiety – just worried their partner wont be there when needed
o Attachment avoidance – people don’t like closeness and intimacy so stay emotionally
Culture and close relationships?
• What people seek in mates are same around the world
• The gender differences in mating preferences in western places appear in other areas of the
• Love can be a prerequisite or not depending.
What is the evolutionary perspective on attraction?
• Certain aspects of good looks influence attraction because the indicate the reproductive fitness
• Men seek youthfulness women look for power.