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PSY100Y5 (809)
Dax Urbszat (681)
Chapter 1

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Dax Urbszat

Chapter 1 The Evolution of PsychologyA New Science is Born The Contributions of WundtHallpsychesoul logosstudy ofGreek rootsDefined in 16th Century yet not popular till early 18th centuryBorn out of philosophy and physiologymovement led by Wilhelm Wundto18791st Formal Lab for Psych research Univ of Leipzigo1881Wundt starts 1st psych journaloWundt known as father of psychoAccording to Wundt psych should be a science Focus on consciousness Psych became the scientific study of conscious experienceHall G Stanleystudied briefly with Wundt contributor to American Psych oEstablished first American research labJohn Hopkins 1883 oLaunched Americans 1st Journal 1887 o1892Became 1st president of APAThe Battle of the Schools BeginsStructuralism vs FunctionalismStructuralismled by English Edward Tichener studied in the States thoughBased on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements relate oWanted to identify and examine fundamentals of consciousness like sensations feelings and imagesMost work centered around sensation and perception in vision hearing and touchRelied on introspectioncareful systematic self observation of ones own conscious experience oRequired training to make subject more aware and objectiveoOne trained exposed to auditory tones optical illusions and visual stimuli under carefully controlled and systematically varied conditions Then asked to analyze what they experienced Functionalismbased on the belief that psychology should investigate the functionpurpose of consciousness not the structure Led by American William James Author of Principles of Psych 1890most influential workBelieved psych is embedded in network of culture and intellectual influences Influenced by Darwin natural selectionheritable characteristics that provide a survival or reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus become selected over time ie typical characteristics of a species must serve a purposeArgued that consciousness was flow of thoughts and structuralists examined only static points Less focused on lab more on practical ie mental testing development in children effectiveness of education practices differences between the sexesHas now faded but led to todays applied psych and behaviorism15
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