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Chapter 13

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Dax Urbszat

Feb172004 Tuesday CHANAPSNotes From ReadingCHAPTER 13 STRESS COPING AND HEALTHIThe Nature of StressAIntroduction1Biopsychosocial Modelholds that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological psychological and sociocultural factors 2Health Psychologyconcerned with how psychosocial factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health and with the causation prevention and treatment of illness BStress As An Everyday Event1Stressany circumstances that threaten or are perceived o threaten ones well being and thereby tax ones coping abilities 2Stress is cumulativeit adds up CAppraisal Stress Lies in the Eye of the Beholder 1Peoples appraisal of stressful events are highly subjective ie Depends on a person2Anxious neurotic and unhappy people report more stress IIMajor Types of StressAFrustration1Frustrationoccurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some good is thwarted 2Failure and loss are 2 common kinds of frustration which are highly stressful BConflict 1Conflictoccurs when 2 or more incompatible motivations on behavioral impulses compete for expression 2King and Emmonsused questionnaire to measure overall amount of internal conflict aHigh Levelsanxiety depression and physical symptoms 3ApproachApproach Conflictchoice must be made between 2 attractive goals aTend to be least stressful bGenerally happy ending 4AvoidanceAvoidance Conflictchoice must be made between 2 unattractive goals aUsually unpleasant and highly stressful5ApproachApproach Conflictchoice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects aCommon and can be quite stressfulbVacillationindecision CChange1Life Changesany noticeable alterations in ones living that require readjustment aChanges in personal relationship work finances etc can be stressful even when welcomes Holmes and RahebDeveloped Social Readjustment Rating Scale to measure life changes as a form of stress cPeople with higher social scores tend to be more vulnerable to many kinds of physical illness and to many types of psychological problems 16
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