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Canada (161,962)
Psychology (1,899)
PSY100Y5 (809)
Dax Urbszat (681)
Chapter 1

chapter one

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Dax Urbszat

Chapter One The Evolution of Psychology The Development of Psychology -psychology developed from philosophical speculations about the mind into modern sciences, later, it became known as the study of the mind * William Wundt (1832-1920) - German Psychologist - made psychology an independent discipline rather than philosophy or psychology - In 1879 Wundt succeeded in establishing the first formal laboratory for research in psychology at the University of Leipzig - established the first journal devoted to publishing research on psychology - Psychology became the scientific study of consciousness and conscious experie * G. Stanely Hall (1846-1924) - studied briefly with Wundt - launched the first American psychology journal and was the president of the American Psychological Association (APA) The Battle of the Schools (Structuralism vs. Functionalism) *Edward Titchener Structuralism Structuralism is based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related Structuralists wanted to identify and examine the fundamental components of conscious experience such as: sensations, feelings and images Depended on the method of introspection: the careful systematic self-observation of ones own conscious experience ( this required training to make the subject the person being studied- more objective and more aware) Limitations associated with the use of introspection were a factor that contributed to the demise of structuralism *William James (1842-1910) Functionalism www.notesolution.com
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