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Chapter 16

Chapter 16:Social Behavior.docx

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Dax Urbszat

Social Behavior Chapter 16 Social psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals thoughts feelings and behaviors are influenced by othersPerson Perception Forming Impressions of Others person perception the process of forming impressions of othersEffects of Physical Appearance Studies have shown that judgments of others personality are often swayed by their appearance especially their physical attractivenessResearch findings suggest that there is little correlation between attractiveness and personality traitsGood looks seem to have relatively little impact on perception of honestly and integrityObservers are quick to draw inferences about people based on how they move talk and gestureCognitive Schemas Even though every individual is unique people tend to categorize one anotherIndividuals use schemas to organize the world around themSocial schemes are organized clusters of ideas about categories of social events and peopleSchemas help people to efficiently process and store the wealth of information they take in about others in their interactionsStereotypes Stereotypes are widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of their membership in a particular groupStereotypes save energy by simplifying our social worldEven if stereotypes mean only that people think in terms of slanted probabilities their expectations may lead them to misperceive individuals with whom they interactSubjectivity in Person Perception Stereotypes and other schemas create biases in person perception that frequently lead to confirmation of peoples expectations about othersIllusory correlation occurs when people estimate that they have encountered more confirmations of an association between social traits than they have actually seenSpot light effect is peoples tendency to assume that the social spotlight shines more brightly on them than it actually doesThe bad news about the spotlight effect is that it occurs in moments of triumph as well as moments of embarrassment so our successes and accomplishments often garner les attention from others than we believe they doIllusion of asymmetric insight is the finding that people tend to think that their knowledge of their peers is greater than their peers knowledge of themAn Evolutionary Perspective on Bias in Person Perception
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