PSY 210 – Chapter One Terms
Child Development: A field of study that seeks to account for the gradual evolution of the
child’s cognitive, social, and other capacities first by describing changes in the child’s
observed behaviours and then by uncovering the processes and strategies that underlie
Maturation: A genetically determined process of growth that unfolds naturally over a
period of time.
Structural-Organismic Perspective: theoretical approaches that describe psychological
structures and processed that undergo qualitative or stage-like changes over the course of
Psychodynamic Theory: Freud’s theory that development, which proceeds in discrete
stages, is determined largely by biological based describes shaped by encounters with the
environment and through the interaction of three components of personality; id, ego,
Id: The person’s instinctual drives; the first component of the personality to evolve,
operates on the basis of pleasure principle.
Ego: The rational, controlling component of the personality, which tries to satisy needs
through appropriate, socially acceptable behaviours.
Superego: The personality component that is the repository of the child’s internalization
of parental or societal values, morals, and roles.
Psychosocial Theory: Eriksons’s theory of development that sees children developing
through a series of stages largely through accomplishing tasks that involves them in
interaction with their social environment.
Piagetian Theory: A theory of cognitive development that sees the child as actively
seeking new information and incorporating it into his knowledge base through the
processed of assimilation and accommodation.