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Chapter 11

PSY270 Chapter 11.doc

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Christine Burton

Chapter 11 LanguageWhat is LanguageLanguage a system of communication using sounds or symbols that enables us to express our feelings thoughts ideas and experiencesThe Creativity of Human LanguageLanguage makes is possible to create new and unique sentences because it has a structure that isoHierarchicalseries of small components that can be combined to form larger unitsoGoverned by rulescomponents are arranged in certain waysThe Universality of LanguageThere is a substantial need for communicationinvention of sign languageMany people are not aware of the rules of language though they have no trouble using itLanguage is universal across culturesLanguage development is similar across culturesbabbling in babiesLanguages are unique but the samehave nouns and verbs but may be used in different contextsStudying LanguageBroca and Wernicke discovered areas involved in understanding and producing languageLanguage is distributed over a large area of the brainChomsky proposed that human language is coded in the genesoAs children learn language they produce sentences that they have never heard and never been reinforcedPsycholinguistics1Comprehension how do people understand spoken and written language2Speech Production how to people produce language3Representation how is language represented in the mind and in the brain4Acquisition how do people learn languagePerceiving Words Phonemes and LettersLexicon persons knowledge of what words mean how they sound how they are used in relation to other wordsComponents of WordsPhoneme shortest segment of speech that if changed changes the meaning of a wordbitb i t
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