Textbook Notes (368,122)
Canada (161,660)
Psychology (1,899)
PSY274H5 (28)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Textbook Notes - From One Language to the Next

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Craig Chambers

Notes From Reading: P ART1: LANGUAGE : HE H UMAN A BILITY(PGS. 3-91) C HAPTER 3: FROM O NE LANGUAGE TO THE NEXT (32-49) Chapter 3: From One Language to the Next: Why is it Hard to Learn a Second Language? Why is Translation so Difficult? Introduction  The use of the word acquiring in one case and learning in the other is not accidental  Evidence suggests that cognitive faculties employ in second language learning are distinct from those employed in first language acquisition Second Language Acquisition  Anyone who is learning a second language has already acquired a first language, so the language mechanism in the brain has already had certain linguistic parameters set o The first language typically serves as the model, and errors often result from taking words from the target language and stringing them together by applying rules from first language o Second language learning can even be characterized as a gradual shift from the first language orientation to the target language orientation  First language acquisition takes place in early childhood (usually by 5) and typically cannot take place after that critical period o Second language learning proceeds more quickly with people who have a high proficiency in their first language  Second language learning generally does not happen without conscious teaching o The process is distinct o Studies show that self-confidence, motivation, good self-image, and low anxiety are traits hat improve facility in a second language (not so much for first)  The complexity of the input affects second language learning but not first language acquisition o First language acquisition proceeds at the same rate whether or not adults simplify their language  Practice is important for second language learning but not so much for first language acquisition o Even very quiet children learn la
More Less

Related notes for PSY274H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.