Textbook Notes (368,666)
Canada (162,055)
Psychology (1,899)
PSY311H5 (63)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Policy: Improving Children's Lives

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Stuart Kamenetsky

NotesFromReadingCHAPTER13POLICYIMPROVINGCHILDRENSLIVESPGS395425INTRODUCTIONSocial Policy A set of planned actions to solve a social problem or attain a social goaloPurposes of social policies1Provide Information Childrens Bureau provides statistical information about children Government offices and private organizations provide yearly updates on the status and needs of children and families2Policies provide funding to achieve goals such as child protection and family support3To provide services to prevent or reduce problems incl abstinence education for teens4Provide an infrastructure to support efforts on behalf of children Public Policy Governmentbased social policyWHAT DETERMINES PUBLIC POLICY FOR CHILDRENWhat problems should social polices for children addressoPolicy decisions always represent tradeoffs and compromises based on societys needs budget limitations and political agendas oShown through changes in the last 100 years In the late 1800s main concern for the US policymakers was working conditions for children today policy concerns include poverty health insurance childcare teenage parenthood and child abuseHow much money should be allocated for childrelated policiesoSocial policies are effective only to the extent to which funds are available to support them Among developed countries the US has the highest rate of poverty but spends the least to reduce it Who decides how the money should be usedoBlock Grant A fixed amount of money provided by the federal government to a state to promote a broadly defined area such as maternal employment or school improvementoMatching Grant The federal government and the state share the costs of the programWhat the research base for the policyoGovernments in the US have become concerned that policies be based on scientific evidence and have used this evidence as a factor in the mix of ideology interests and institutional constraints that underlie policies TYPES OF PUBLIC POLICYPrimary Prevention Policies A set of planned actions designed to alter environmental conditions and prevent problems before they developSecondary Prevention Policies A set of planned actions targeted at children who are already at risk of developing serious problems Types of PoliciesoEconomic Improvement for familiesTemporary Assistance for Needy Families TANF Federal legislation that provides block grants to states introduces time limits on cash assistance to individuals and imposes work requirements oService Oriented Help families meet their basic needs by providing food stamps health care child care and housingoParentDirected Intervention Supports parents psychologically and improves their childrearing skills with the hope that this will enhance childrens developmentoIntervention with Parents and Children Children are helped through preschool education child care and health benefits parents are assisted through education job training and parentingskill training oTarget Children Directly By improving the quality of schools in impoverished areas or funding supplementary afterschool programs
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