Age-differentiated (p. 271)
Life structure in which primary roles—learning, working, and leisure—are based on age; typical
in industrialized societies. Compare age-integrated.
Age-integrated (p. 272)
Life structure in which all roles—learning, working, and leisure—are open to adults of all ages
and can be interspersed throughout the life span. Compare age-differentiated.
Balanced investment (p. 303)
Pattern of retirement activity allocated among family, work, and leisure. Compare family-
Burnout (p. 290)
Syndrome characterized by emotional exhaustion and a sense that one no longer can be
effective on the job.
Compensation hypothesis (p. 292)
Hypothesis that there is a negative correlation between intellectuality of work and of leisure
activities because people seek leisure activities that make up for what they find missing in work.
Compare spillover hypothesis, resource provision-depletion hypothesis, and segmentation hypothesis.
Consolidation stage (p. 282)
In Super’s terminology, fifth stage of career exploration and development, in which people in
their mid-thirties strive for rapid advancement and consolidate gains.
Convoy theory (p. 305)
Theory, proposed by Kahn and Antonucci, that reduction of social contacts in outer circles after
retirement may be offset by new contacts in those circles, as well as by maintenance of an inner core of
close friends and family. Compare selectivity theory.
Crystallization stage (p. 281)
In Super’s terminology, first stage of career exploration and development, in which younger
adolescents develop a general concept of occupation as a defining feature of the self.
Deceleration stage (p. 282)
In Super’s terminology, seventh stage of career exploration and development, in which people
in their late fifties begin to anticipate retirement and distance themselves from their work.
Dependency ratio (p. 307)
Comparative size of productive and dependent portions of a population. Establishment stage (p. 282)
In Super’s terminology, fourth stage of career exploration and development, in which people in
their late twenties seek advancement along a chosen career path, develop expertise, and see work as
intrinsic to the self- concept.
Family-focused lifestyle (p. 303)
Pattern of retirement activity that revolves around family, home, and companions. Compare
Implementation stage (p. 281)
In Super’s terminology, third stage of career