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Chapter 13

Chapter 13 study guide

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Giampaolo Moraglia

CHAPTER 13- DEALING WITH DEATH AND BEREAVEMENT - peoples attitudes about death are shaped by the time and place in which the people live - meaning and impact of it are influenced by what people feel and do - culture can affect how a person feels and behaves towards death - death (state), dying (process) CHANGING PERSPECITIVES ON DEATH AND DYING - during modern times, death was = normal, expected event- welcomed as a peaceful way to end suffering - advances in medicine, new treatments, better educated population have brought a mortality revolution in late 19 century - women less likely to die in childbirth, people reach old age - deaths occur mostly among older people - led to death becoming invisible and abstract- people were cared for by professionals vs. Family, died in hospitalsnursing homes, people go through life without thinking about death - today things are changing, hard to deny reality of death- many more deaths are occurring at home, because of hospital costs Biological, social, psychological aspects of dying - biological death: breakdown of bodily processes - but sometimes mechanical devices can artificially sustain hearbeat, even if brain stops working (ex. Coma) - rasies the question of when life support should removed- who judges this - social aspects: attitudes toward death, care of the dying, where death occurs, efforts to postpone it - ex. Mourning rituals, transferring possessions of the dead - may be controlled by religious or legal parts of society- based on what there views are of death and what will happen afterwards - different customs help people deal with death- provide stability during loss - psychological aspects: how people feel about own death, death of people close to them - rituals give people something important to do when feeling helpless - in modern American society, man people have trouble dealing with death- use avoidance or denial- isolate dying person in hospital, Study of death: thanatology and death education - thanatology: study of death and dying - death education: programs that try to teach people about death and help them deal with it personally and professionally - offered to students, professionals, social workers, people working with dying people, survivors, community www.notesolution.com- ttry to relieve death related anxiety, try to develop belief systems, see daeath as natural end, prepare for own death Hospice care - movements that try to make dying more humane - hospice care and support groups help dying people and families - is warm, epersonal, parient and family centrered care, try to relieve ain, - can occur in hospital, at home - movement started in response to a need for special facilities for dying people - affordable way to care for family members with a terminal illness - emphasize palliative care: relieving pain and suffering, allow patients to die in peace - when dying patients are seen as worthy, they maintain dignitiy in death FACING DEATH - all deaths are different, experiences of losses are different for survivors - the timing of events model shows why death does not mean the same thing to different people- 85 year old with terminal illness vs. 20 year old who overdosed - also contextual theories say death is not the same for someone who is a president vs. Homeless person - cohort always is important- becoming less accepting Attitudes toward death and dying - how different ages feel about dying YOUNG ADULTHOOD - avoid thinking about death - influenced by personal fable- egocentric belief that they are uniquespecial, are not subject to natural rules that control the rest of the work- can take any risk - belief fades as young adults have responsibilities - dont want to think that death can happen to them - want to live life after doing all hardwork- if they become illinjured- feel angry, frustrated, that all that hard work was for nothing- can become troublesome hospital patients MIDDLE ADULTHOOD - realize that they are going to die - bodies send signals that they are not so young, hearty- - may become more introspective - especially if both parents have died, see themselves as being the older generation - see time in a new way- how many years are left until death - people start making more conscious choices LATE ADULTHOOD - less anxious about death www.notesolution.com
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