Chapter 7 Study Guide

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Kathy Pichora- Fuller

Chapter 7 Memory, Attention, and Learning Self-Conceptions of Age-related Memory Loss -Self-ratings of memory performance are measures of metamemory, or the self-appraisal or self-monitoring of memory -Studies of metamemory gauge how well each of us understands, the efficacy of our own memory - a large number of people inaccurately assessed their memory skills -People who reported depression and impairment on daily acvitites of daily living were more likely to report impaired memory, even though they performed normally on the memory measures. -older adults have a much more negative view of their memory ability than younger adults -Why do discrepancies exist between metamemory and actual memory performance? 1. May be the case that people confuse their self-perceptions of everyday memory failures with age-related changes in physical andor mental health status. 2. Older adults (and their relatives and health care providers) tend to overestimate the number of memory difficulties they experience in everyday life. Older adults seem to be sensitive to their memory failures than younger adults. 3. A third reason for the discrepancy between metamemory and memory performance is that self-report measures may, in actuality, assess the complexity of an individuals psychosocial environment rather than his her memory. 4. Peoples ideas about the structure, function, and organization of human memory may be inaccurate. Varieties of Memory Aging -Temporal characteristics: Short-term memory, long term memory, autobiographical memory -The processes associated with retrieval of information from long-term memory are age-sensitive, whereas short term memory tasks place relatively little if any demand on age-sensitive processing resources.
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