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PSY344H5 (46)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 - The Psychology of Police Investigations

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Dax Urbszat

Chapter3ThePsychologyofPoliceInvestigationsPOLICE INTERROGATIONSA police interrogation is a process whereby the police interview a suspect for the purpose of gathering and obtaining a confessionPolice interrogations were coercive in the past Police used physical weapons to elicit confessions from suspects In the Brown v Mississippi case in 1936 police whipped the suspect More recently in the 1980s NYPD used stun guns on suspects Nowadays physical coercion is less frequent and has been more often replaced by psychologically based interrogation techniques that include lying about evidence promising lenient treatment and implying threat to loved ones ex youre just going to make it difficult for your family if you continue to deny your crimeThe Reid Model of InterrogationThe Reid model is a ninestep model of interrogation used frequently in North America to extract confessions from suspects It consists of three stageso The first is to gather as much information as possible about all the relevant issues at hand ie about the case the suspects the witnesses etc oThe second stage is to conduct a nonaccusatorial interview of the suspect to assess any evidence of deception to determine whether the suspect is lying when they claim to be innocent oThe third stage is to conduct an accusatorial interrogation of the suspect if they are perceived to be guilty in which a nine step procedure is implemented with the primary objective being to secure a confession1Confront the suspect with their guilt We know you did it If you confess you can get it over with See how the suspect reacts What happens most often is that people deny it 2Justify rationalize or excuse the crime You shot a guy but he was just a drug dealer You did everyone a favor Say that you relate to them and make the crime seem acceptable 3Interrupt any denials immediately Were not interested in hearing denials Its not about if you did it or notwe already know you did Now we want to know how you did it This creates anxiety fear and hopelessness in the individuals It triggers the fight or flight response but both options are no available because theyre in a small roomthe suspect feels trapped This step is very coercive 4Overcome objections to the point where the suspect becomes quiet and withdrawn5Minimize withdrawal by moving closer
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