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PSY344H5 (46)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Domestic Violence

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY344H5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Spring

Description
Chapter13DomesticViolenceDomestic violence any violence occurring between family membersSpousal violence any violence occurring between intimate partners who are living together to separated This is also called intimate partner violence TYPES OF VIOLENCE AND MEASUREMENTViolence varies in terms of types and severity and includes physical ex hitting punching burning sexual financial ex restricting access to personal funds forcing complete financial responsibility theft of paycheques and emotional abuse ex verbal attacks degradation threats about hurting family members or pets isolation from family members unwarranted accusations about infidelityThe Conflict Tactics Scale CTS is the most commonly used scale to measure domestic assault It contains 18 items intended to measure how the person and their partner resolve conflict from constructive problem solving ex discussing calmly to verbalindirect aggression ex swearing or threatening to physical aggression ex slapping The CTS is criticized for a number of reasons Because of these reasons a revised version CTS2 was made1The questionnaire begins with an introduction that states there are times when people get annoyed at each other or get into fights because they are in a bad mood There are different ways of trying to settle their differences This statement implies that violence follows disputes however there are acts of violence that on not precipitated by an argument and therefore patients may not report these incidents 2The CTS does not include the full range of potential violent acts For example sexual aggression is not included3Acts such as kicking biting and punching are combined into one item Results may be different if these behaviours were not bundled together4The CTS does not take into account the different consequences of the same act for men and women For example a punch by a man is much more harmful than a punch from a woman and treating the two as equivalent ignores the difference in the injury that may be inflicted 5The CTS does not assess motive for violence and therefore offensive violence is treated as equal to a defensive response 6Items on the CTS may be interpreted differently depending on the gender of the respondent There are several myths related to domestic violence1Domestic violence is not a common problem it is impossible to determine the exact number of victims because victims often do not come forward due to shame and embarrassment
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