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Psychology (1,899)
PSY345H5 (68)
Chapter 11

Ch. 11: Autism Spectrum Disorders

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY345H5
Professor
Stuart Kamenetsky
Semester
Fall

Description
Ch 11 Autism Spectrum Disorders Definitionterm autism taken from the Greek meaning of self Autism disorder with onset prior to age 3 characterized by extreme withdrawselfstimulation intellectual deficits and language disordersfederal regulations also note that a diagnosis of autism should not be used in cases were children show characteristics of serious emotional disturbance attention to autism recent 19911992 school year first year that data was collected on Autism people with autism not all alike Autism Spectrum disorder the range of functioning in multiple skill areas found among those with Autism disorder Asperger Syndrome a condition that shares unusual social interactions and behaviors with autism but includes no general language delaysome contend that Aspergers is the same as Autism just higher on the Autism spectrum Rett Syndrome neurological condition primarily affecting girls who develop normally until about 5 to 30 months of age when their skill dev Slows and in many cases regresses Prevalencecompared with other conditions autism is relatively rare males outnumber females autism some attribute this gender difference to females with autism being less socially aberrant than males making them difficult to identify prevalence rates for autism vary depending on methodology geography and medicationsCharacteristics unusual behaviors often appear very early in the lives of children with autism spectrum disordersex Significant impairment in interpersonal interaction children with autism spectrum disorders are often described in termof social impairmentsunresponsiveness extreme difficulty relating to others difficulty in understanding or expressing emotion and lowered ability to regulate affect Impaired or delayed language children with autism often exhibit impaired or delayed language development Approx half do not develop speech and those who do often engage in strange language and speaking behavior such as Echolalia a meaningless repetition or imitation of words that have been spoken Stereotypic Behavior although not always present behavior of a selfstimulatory nature is often associated with autism spectrum disorders These children may engage in physical forms of stereotypic behavior or Stereotypy Behavior or stereotypy involving repetitive movements such as rocking handflicking or object manipulation sometimes termed selfstimulationmay provide sensory info or for others a sense of organizationcan be dangerous if the movements are damaging like head banging often found in low functioning children Resistance to change in routine intense resistance to change or rigidity is often mentioned in discussion of children with autism routines obsessively important oftenitems must be arranged in a symmetrical fashion to seem proper to the child with autism spectrum disorder
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