Textbook Notes (367,974)
Canada (161,538)
Psychology (1,899)
PSY345H5 (68)
Chapter 14

Ch. 14: Physical Disabilities, Health Disorders, and Traumatic Brain Injury

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Stuart Kamenetsky

Ch 14 Physical Disabilities Health Disorders and Traumatic Brain InjuryPhysical Disabilities physical Disabilities disabilities that can affect a persons ability to move about use the arms and legs andor to breathe independently Orthopedic impairment an impairment such as an amputation the absence of a limb or a condition associated with cerebral palsy that may affect physical and educational performance Other health impaired a category of disability that includes students with limited strength as a consequence of health problemsCerebral Palsy Definition and Concepts Cerebral Palsy CP a neuromuscular disorder caused by damage to one or more specific areas of the brain most often occurring during fetal development before during or shortly following birth or during infancy Chronic cerebral refers to the brain palsy speaks to muscle weakness and poor motor control secondary conditions can develop with CP which may improve worse or remain the same although CP is not curable carefully targeted interventions and therapies may improve an individuals functioning movement characteristics of individuals with CP include spastic stiff and difficult movement athetoid involuntary and controlled movement and ataxic distributed depth perception and very poor sense of balance Individuals with spastic CP may experience ongoing challenges with pain CP cannot be characterized by any one set of common symptoms it is a condition in which a variety of problems may be present in differing degrees of severity Prevalence and Causation the prevalence of CP in industrialized countries is about 15 to 40 per 1000 live births the fundamental causes of CP are insults to the brain most take place during intrauterine period of developing infants The rest typically during the birthing process any condition that can adversely affect the brain can cause CP Environmental toxins malnutrition radiation damage maternal disease infections HIV prematurity trauma multiple births insufficient oxygen to the brain All of these and many more are risk factors for the onset of CP Early symptoms of CP include delayed motor development abnormal muscle tone and atypical mot functioning Interventionsrather than treating CP professionals and parents work at managing the condition and its various manifestationsit Is essential that the management and interventions begin as early as the CP is diagnosedkey early and ongoing interventions effective interventions for various forms of CP are based on accurate and continuous assessments management of CP is a multifaceted process that involves many medical and human service specialties working in teamsmedical experts therapists teachers social workers family and volunteers interventions are directed atpreventing additional physical deformitiesdecreasing adverse symptomsDeveloping useful posture and movementsproviding appropriate surgery when needed
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