Textbook Notes (368,720)
Canada (162,105)
Religion (156)
RLG101H5 (78)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2.docx

5 Pages
126 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Religion
Course
RLG101H5
Professor
Kenneth Derry
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 2: Culture • Term culture is not straightforward • Cultural studies is relevant to most aspects of human life: work, play, adulthood, youth, literature, sports • Religion is not different, it is an aspect of cultural life • Culture is something that is done, we have culture, we do culture – imp.; is what people do Raymond Williams: Types of Culture • We all feel we have a culture we belong to and makes who we are – Italian, Canadian • Another form of culture which we do not possess, but with which we engage – art, music • Williams pointed three ways culture can we used: o Culture is an ideal o Culture in a documentary sense o Culture in a social sense • Culture as a shared way of life Elite Culture: • Often used to describe an ideal, in an elitist way • Term is used to mark out and distinguish particular types of product which are thought to be high quality • Not every book is considered to be culture – elite sense it suggests a work of distinction o Imbibe at school – books, music • Study of the attempt by humans to reach perfection and civilization • Williams as primarily a process of discovering and describing the peaks of human expressions • Christian traditions: bible itself a piece of culture • Quran – early days of Islam had fundamental role in development of writing Arabic • The relationship between religion and culture extends well beyond texts Culture on the popular level: • William does not wish to rest content on elitist level • Critical study of culture one can include as subjects not only great works of art, literature and music but also the les great works • The study of culture should not only focus exclusively on the elite type of culture such as Shakespeare o This is not meant in a flippant or disparaging sense – although accusations can been made that such an approach is flawed- since breaks down the quality barrier between lasting and great works • Judgment depends • William is stressing – not concern which artist is better or worse, but both have produced serious pieces of cultural work that need to be analyzed on a social level • Popular type of religious music work on the everyday level of people’s lives • William’s second type of culture – culture on the popular level – lead us into the area of study which appears to have very wide boundaries • Is very diverse – methodologies could be need to be applied • Religious ideas, concepts, are expressed culturally different popular forms Stuart Hall: Popular Culture • Wider concept – goes beyond the ideal or elitist sense • Stuart suggested three different ways to talk about popular: o Popular as well like by the masses o Popular as simply what people do o Popular as being in contrast to dominant or elite culture Mass Appeal and the Business of Culture: • Popular has mass appeal • Mass appeal is bound up with consumer commercialism • Cultural products become used in the popular domain in particular ways • Music, books etc. – given out for purpose – make money • Culture become popular through being sold to the public • View of popular culture may seem relevant only to contemporary western societies, where consumerism is big business • Some global churches and other religious organizations work almost as industries • Many contemporary culture television has become dominate medium • Televangelism – the broadcasting od church preaching and ministry through cable • Books are published with religious theme • The distinction that is usually made between two types of product is normally expressed in terms of quality Mass Culture and the popular as “what people do”: • Returning to Stuart Hall’s second dorm of popular culture, we can say that term popular not only refers to mass appeal • But also concept of ‘popular as what people do’ • This is more diffuse and little less subtle • Field of popular culture is almost unlimited • Anything in the popular domain is popular culture and popular culture is anything done by a number of people • John Fiske: o Describes interaction between popular and mass appeal and mass culture: “Popular culture, then, is not mass culture, though it is typically made from it…
More Less

Related notes for RLG101H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit