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Alireza Haghighi

A tradition of Misogyny 49-61- Fatima Mernissi, Notes by Fatima B. Basic summary before we begin: Basically, Mernissi argues in this article. She argues that there is a hadith said by Abu Bakr which is very male oriented “Misogynsitic” which tries to show that women are not suited to leadership roles. In this article, mernissi observes different perspectives on this hadith, its origins, to why it was said, and its implications on later times, and other scholars stance on this. This hadith was quoted from Abu Bakr after his daughter Hazrat Aisha ( R.A), who was married to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), ended up battling with Hazrat Ali (R.A), the Son in Law of the prophet (Husband of Hazrat Fatima (R.A)). It was called the battle of the Camel. Notes: -Hazrat Abu Bakra(R.a) heard the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) say: “ Those who entrust their affairs to a woman, will never know prosperity”- This hadith is included in the Sahih, with thousands of other authentic hadith that are widely accepted in the Al-bukhari - Mersinni, as a muslim woman, in this article, is making a double investigation, both historical and methodological- of this hadith and its author, and especially of the conditions in which it was first put to use, who uttered this hadith, where, when, why and to whom? - Original context the Prophet(PBUH) had said this in, according to the Abu Bakr (R.A), a companion who had spent enough time in the life of the prophet to state hadiths, - Perisan woman took rule over Persia after Kisra,(Khausrau Perves) her fatherm died, and it is stated that then the prophet(PBUH) had said this statement then - On what occasion did Abu Bakr (R.a) recall these words of the prophet and why did he feel a need to recount them? According to Mersinni, he recalled them 25 years after the death of the prophet, after Aisha was defeated by Ali „s forces at the battle of the Camel. -(I don’t know how true this is from an Islamic perspective) Islam brought Abu Bakr(r.a) good fortune, before Islam he had a hard life of a slave in Ta‟if, where only the aristocracy had the right to high office. The Prophet PBUH, decided to take over Ta‟if one after the conquest of Mecca, and Taif was sieged by the Prophet (PBUH) and his army, but they left after almost 18 days, and told them that all the slaves who left the city and joined his ranks would be free, and Abu Bakr(r.a) was one of the slaves, and in this way Abu Bakr(r.a) found both Islam and freedom - He was very pious and remained so throughout his life, and his children were among the notables of Barsa -Abu Bakr‟s(r.a) genealogy is hard to trace, because there are not a lot of details on it, and “slaves and all other classes could not trace theirs with the required assurance because of constant uprooting and moving about “ - However, Islam had provided Abu Bakr(r.a) with prestige, status, and a say in the politics, and identity as a brother in Islamic brotherhood - the reason why he had recalled this quote 25 years later is perhaps because Aisha‟s supporters were wiped out -He had not participated in this civil war between the two parties - Hazrat Aisha(R.a) used to often accompany the prophet (PBUH) on military expeditions, knew the procedure for the negotiation that took place before the military occupation of a city and had conducted matters correctly - -she had sent messages to the city Ali was in, in order to inform them why she was planning to take over and she had used to mosque as a meeting place for a public discussion and abu Bakr(R.a) knew this plan all along - She got alot of support from the city of Basra for this mission - - Abu Bakra was thus contacted from the beginning in his capacity as a notable of the city - This was the first situation after the death of the prophet PBUH that muslims were on opposite sides in a conflict, something that the prophet PBUH had described as the worst possible in Islam(AKA fitnah) - However, she reproached Hazrat A (R.a)li for not bringing Uthmans(R.a) (another Islamic Khalifa) murderers to Justice, and some of those known to have assassinated him were in Hazrat Ali‟s(R.a) army as military leaders - However, majority of people did not even know what the conflict was about - It seemed mad to the to get involved without knowing the motives that were driving the leaders and the conflicts that divided them, and gave them a reason to not get involved and said this was the lack of democracy in the selection of the caliph - The decision not to participate in this civil war was not an exceptional one, limited to a few members of the elite - - the mosques were full of people who found it absurd to follow leaders who wanted to lead the community into tearing each other to pieces - -Abu Bakra(R.a) was not an exception, because when he was contacted he made it known that he was against fitnah, a
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