RLG205H5 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Syriac Orthodox Church, Early Christianity, Roberto De Nobili

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
UTM
Department
Religion
Course
RLG205H5
Professor
Chapter 8: Streams from the “West” and their Aftermath
- Classical period: there is considerable evidence of Roman and Greek contact
and/or influences.
o Phoenicians first to sail to ports of India in the tenth century BCE
- Yavanas „foreign‟ merchants
Religious minorities
- Jews, “Syrian Christians” and Zoroastrians or Parsis
Jewish communities
- Three separate migrations: first two the oldes
o One group: Cochin Jews settled into Kerala.
o Bene Israel: Mumbai
o Baghdadi Jews: nineteenth century migration of entrepreneurs and their
families
“Cochin Jews”
- Cranganore on the Kerala coast
- Came early in the common era
- More likely most of them came and settled around the seventh century along with
Arab merchants
- Communities were primarily mercantile
- Jewish settlers were given economic property rights
o Also, the right of Jews to hold public festivals and Joseph Rabbani was the
leader of the community
- Community comprised of „white‟ Jews and „black‟ (copper) Jews
- „black‟ Jews dressed like local Muslims
- Adaptations of “Hindu” customs included the practice of tying a tali marriage
cord around the neck of the bride at the time of marriage.
- Communities practiced a number of Jewish rituals:
o Circumcision on the eight day
o Sabbaths
o Passover
o Festivals of Pentecost
Bene Israel
- Tricked into Mumbai in the late 1740s, worked largely as oil pressers (Sabbath oil
pressers “caste”).
Syrian Christians
- Living along the coast of Kerala by at least the mid-forth century.
- Founded by apostle Thomas
- Nestorians: who were considered to have unorthodox views of the Christ figure
and refused to accept the doctrine of Mary as “Mother of God.”
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Document Summary

Chapter 8: streams from the west and their aftermath. Classical period: there is considerable evidence of roman and greek contact and/or influences: phoenicians first to sail to ports of india in the tenth century bce. Three separate migrations: first two the oldes. Jews, syrian christians and zoroastrians or parsis: one group: cochin jews settled into kerala, bene israel: mumbai, baghdadi jews: nineteenth century migration of entrepreneurs and their families. More likely most of them came and settled around the seventh century along with. Jewish settlers were given economic property rights: also, the right of jews to hold public festivals and joseph rabbani was the leader of the community. Community comprised of white jews and black (copper) jews. Adaptations of hindu customs included the practice of tying a tali marriage. Black jews dressed like local muslims cord around the neck of the bride at the time of marriage.

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