Textbook Notes (368,456)
Canada (161,890)
Religion (156)
RLG205H5 (2)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 - Clothey.docx

4 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Religion
Course
RLG205H5
Professor
Krishnamurti
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 8: Streams from the “West” and their Aftermath - Classical period: there is considerable evidence of Roman and Greek contact and/or influences. o Phoenicians first to sail to ports of India in the tenth century BCE - Yavanas – „foreign‟ merchants Religious minorities - Jews, “Syrian Christians” and Zoroastrians or Parsis Jewish communities - Three separate migrations: first two the oldes o One group: Cochin Jews settled into Kerala. o Bene Israel: Mumbai o Baghdadi Jews: nineteenth century migration of entrepreneurs and their families “Cochin Jews” - Cranganore on the Kerala coast - Came early in the common era - More likely most of them came and settled around the seventh century along with Arab merchants - Communities were primarily mercantile - Jewish settlers were given economic property rights o Also, the right of Jews to hold public festivals and Joseph Rabbani was the leader of the community - Community comprised of „white‟ Jews and „black‟ (copper) Jews - „black‟ Jews dressed like local Muslims - Adaptations of “Hindu” customs included the practice of tying a tali – marriage cord around the neck of the bride at the time of marriage. - Communities practiced a number of Jewish rituals: o Circumcision on the eight day o Sabbaths o Passover o Festivals of Pentecost Bene Israel - Tricked into Mumbai in the late 1740s, worked largely as oil pressers (Sabbath oil pressers “caste”). Syrian Christians - Living along the coast of Kerala by at least the mid-forth century. - Founded by apostle Thomas - Nestorians: who were considered to have unorthodox views of the Christ figure and refused to accept the doctrine of Mary as “Mother of God.” - Another unorthodox group: Monophysites, a groups founded by Eutychus, who claimed Christ had only a single, divine nature - Early Christians came to be known as Jacobites - Low point in Catholic- Syrian Christians came in 1599: When Bishop Meneze burned many of the books of Syrian Christians and ordered their conversion to Catholicism. - Emergence of three separate church bodies by the seventeenth century: 1) Romo-Syrians: used a Syrian rite, maintained adherence to pope, hence were Catholics of Syrian rite 2) Jacobite Syrians: Syrian hierarchy and not to the pop 3) Catholics: Latin rite th 4) Emerged in 18 century: Mar Thoma Christians, leadership of bishop Mar Thomas Arthanasius - Rite of passasge – annaprasana (the first feeding of solids to an infant of 6 months). Zoroastrians or Parsis - Zoroastrianism started as a reform movement founded by Iranian priest – th Zoroaster (who lived in 7 century BCE) - Religion was based on certain ancient Iranian practices - Varuna and Mithra personified water and fire respectively and Ahura Mazda came to be seen as ruler of the cosmos. - Ahuras (good spirits) and daevas (bad spirits) - established a form of monotheism which posited that Ahura Mazda fathered twin spirits, Spenta Mainyu – creator of all good things and Angra Mainyu – demiurge of evil - first religion to present an eschatology (doctrine of end times) pp. 169 - hymns used for the rituals – yasnas - gathas – poems ascrived to Zoroaster himself, became known as Avesta - Dachmas: towers of silence 170 - Ahura Mazda is now known as Ohramazd - Asha - Yasna: fire sacrifies - Ethics an
More Less

Related notes for RLG205H5

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit