Deviance departure from a norm that evokes a negative reaction from others. Crime deviance that is against the law. Law a norm stipulated and enforced by government bodies. Formal punishment penalization by the judicial system for breaking a law. Informal punishment a mild sanction that is imposed during face-to-face interaction rather than by the judicial system ex. raised eyebrows, stare. Stigmatization process of negatively evaluating people because of a marker that distinguishes them from others. Information on crime collected by the police is the main source of crime statistics. Crime is not reported to the police because of victimless crimes which involve violations of the law in which no victim steps forward and is identified ex. Prostitution, illegal gambling, use of illegal drugs etc: level 1 assaults go unreported because the assailant is a friend or relative of the victim, 2. Authorities and the wider public decide which criminal acts to report and which to ignore.