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SOC100H5 (538)
Jayne Baker (154)
Chapter 1

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Jayne Baker

Sociology: Chapter 1 Notes Sept.10 (p. 3-10)  Sociology is the systematic study of human behaviour in social context.  Emile Durkheim, one of the pioneers of the discipline, demonstrated that suicide is more than just an individual act, rather suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forces.  The rates of psychological disorders and suicides do not match (ie. more women are insane opposed to men, but more men commit suicide).  Social Solidarity: Degree of which group members share beliefs and values, and the intensity and frequency of their interaction.  Durkheim argued the more social solidarity in a group, the less likely suicide was (ie. less likely for a married man to commit suicide).  Social Structures: Relatively stable patterns of social relations.  Aspects of social structures affect our innermost thoughts and feelings, influence your actions, and thus shape who you are.  Sociological Imagination: Being able to see the connection between personal troubles and social structures (C. Wright Mills).  Microstructures: patterns of intimate social relations formed during face-to-face interactions (ie. family, friends)  Macrostructures: patters formed outside intimate relations, more so groups (ie. gender inequality, religious groups, social class).  Global Structures: third level, patterns of worldwide travel and communication (ie. relations among countries). Sept.12 (p. 19-27)  Research Cycle  Step 1: Formulate a research question  Step 2: Review existing research – allows sociologist to refine initial questions and prevent duplication.  Step 3: Select research method – each method has strengths and weaknesses.  Step 4: Collect data  Step 5: Analyze dat
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