Sociology: Chapter 1 Notes
Sept.10 (p. 3-10)
Sociology is the systematic study of human behaviour in social context.
Emile Durkheim, one of the pioneers of the discipline, demonstrated that suicide is more
than just an individual act, rather suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forces.
The rates of psychological disorders and suicides do not match (ie. more women are
insane opposed to men, but more men commit suicide).
Social Solidarity: Degree of which group members share beliefs and values, and the
intensity and frequency of their interaction.
Durkheim argued the more social solidarity in a group, the less likely suicide was (ie. less
likely for a married man to commit suicide).
Social Structures: Relatively stable patterns of social relations.
Aspects of social structures affect our innermost thoughts and feelings, influence your
actions, and thus shape who you are.
Sociological Imagination: Being able to see the connection between personal troubles and
social structures (C. Wright Mills).
Microstructures: patterns of intimate social relations formed during face-to-face
interactions (ie. family, friends)
Macrostructures: patters formed outside intimate relations, more so groups (ie. gender
inequality, religious groups, social class).
Global Structures: third level, patterns of worldwide travel and communication (ie.
relations among countries).
Sept.12 (p. 19-27)
Step 1: Formulate a research question
Step 2: Review existing research – allows sociologist to refine initial questions and
Step 3: Select research method – each method has strengths and weaknesses.
Step 4: Collect data
Step 5: Analyze dat