Textbook Notes (362,935)
Canada (158,107)
Sociology (1,466)
SOC100H5 (496)
Jayne Baker (137)
Chapter 3

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Jayne Baker

Chapter 3: Socialization  Ability to learn culture and become human is only a potential, to be actualized, socialization must unleash the potential  Socialization is the process by which people learn their culture, by o Entering into and disengaging from a succession of roles o Becoming aware of themselves as they interact with others  Role is the behaviour expected of a person occupying a certain position in society  Rene Spitz studied two groups of infants, one being raised in a nursing home attached to a women’s jail, the other in an orphanage o Infants in jail were less demanding, because they were deprived of social stimuli o Orphans were more susceptible to infection and had a higher death rate (9-12 months) o Nursing home children were walking and talking by the time they were 3 o Orphans began to play with their genitals in their fourth year, indicating that they might have impaired sexual life.  Without childhood socialization, most of our human potential remains undeveloped  Crystallization of Self Identity happens during adolescence; really start to figure out who you are. (Robert Byrm, playing Tony in West Side Story)  Sigmund Freud proposed the first social scientific way the self emerges. o Infants demand immediate gratification, and start to develop a self once they are denied  Charles Horton Cooley introduced the idea of a looking glass self, making him the founder of symbolic interactionist tradition o We imagine how we appear to others, and judge how others evaluate us, then we develop a self concept of who we are. o Our feelings about who we are depend largely on how we see ourselves evaluated by others. o Student might develop a negative self image if the teacher evaluates him negative  Mead deemed the “I” and the “Me” o “I” is the aspects of the self present at birth o “Me” is what you develop into through interactions with society o All human communication depends on being able to take the role of the other  Mead’s 4 stages of development o Children learn by imitating o Children imitate and pretend to be other people o Children begin to play complex games that requires them to take the roles of several other people at the same time, like baseball o Lastly, they take the role of the generalized o
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