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SOC100H5 (538)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2 SOC.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC100H5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Winter

Description
 Chapter 2: Culture  CULTURE AS PROBLEM SOLVING  •  Culture:  all the ideas, practices and objects that people use to deal with problems  •  High culture:  consumed by upper class •  Popular/ Mass culture:  by everyone •  Society:  people who interact and share a culture THE ORIGINS & COMPONENTS OF CULTURE  3 main tools of cultural survival kits 1. Symbols • Abstraction: the capacity to make ideas or ways of thinking that are not  linked to  instances (FIRST TOOL) • Symbols are things that carry meaning, classify experiences  2. Norms and values • Cooperation: working with others.. LOL (SECOND TOOL) 3. Production, Material, Culture, & Non­material • Production: making shit that helps humans (THIRD TOOL) • Material culture: tools that help people accomplish tasks • Non­material culture: symbols, non tangible.  What are the 3 types of norms?   1. Folkway (social preferences) 2. Mores (social requirements)  3. Taboos  What is the Sapir­Whorf Thesis? • Language: symbols strung together to communicate • Sapir­Whorf Thesis o We form concepts of things we experiences and develop language to express it. Language  itself influences how we see the world  CULTURE AS FREEDOM AND CONSTRAINT  What’s a functionalist analysis of culture?  • Culture is often invisible people are naive when it comes to others cultures but take theirs for  granted •  Ethnocentrism:  judge other cultures FUQ THE PORK CHOPS •  Manifest functions:  visible effects of social structures  •  Latent functions:  invisible effects of social structures  CULTURE AS FREEDOM Culture has 
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