Chapter 7: Race and Ethnicity
DEFINING RACE AND ETHNICITY
What is race?
• The first 2 pages talk about race and intelligence where people belie
• ve blacks and jews were not as smart or capable as whites. Likewise with sports, blacks take up
the majority of population in sports.
• Prejudice: an attitude that judges people based on their characteristics
• Discrimination: treating people unfairly because they’re in a group
• Race: a social construct used to distinguish people by their physical markers.
• Scapegoat: someone who disadvantaged and let people blame the shit out of them for no reason.
Ethnicity related to culture and social structure
• Ethnic Group: people who perceived cultural markers are deemed socially significant
• Ethnic values and culture have less of an effect on how people behave than we think it’s the
fucking social structural differences.
• An example, Jews and Koreans will be discriminated against but compared to slvery of
Aboriginals it’s no compare, so the social structural shit makes it easier for J&K to be successful
Resource and Opportunities
• Basically economic opportunities and resource that people have determined their success.
• John Porter called Canada a vertical mosaic which is a highly ethnically and racially stratified
society. (midtwentieth century)
• Deeply rooted in social structure rather than biology and culture.
SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM, RACE AND ETHNIC RELATIONS
What are labels and identity?
• Talks about John Lie and his life being bullied for being Korean
• How your social context can change or reshape a person’s racial and ethnic identity
• Labels and identity are generally negotiated, outsiders impose a new label on top of original label,
then the “insiders” either reject, modify, or accept the label
What’s the difference between impositions versus choice?
• There has been wider variations where people can choose their racial and ethnic identity freely.
• Example, Irish people had a negative perception but over the years they have achieved upward
• Symbolic ethnicity: nostalgic allegiance to the culture of the immigrant generation / motherland.
(ST. PATTY DAY MOFO)
• Racism: belief that visible characteristics mean they are inferior so its okay to be evil and
• Institutional racism: Bi