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Socialization.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC100H5
Professor
Nathan Innocente
Semester
Winter

Description
Socialization Media: fundamental source of socialization Major influence of behavior Biology or Socialization How much of who you are is determined by your genes vs. social environment? Genetic link to behavior Twin studies Epigenetic tags: chemical mechanism attached to genes that, as a result of outside influences,  activate or suppress specific genes Socialization The process by which people learn their culture Entering and leaving roles, becoming aware of themselves as they interact with others  Unleashing their potential as humans Role: behavior expected of a person occupying a particular position in society Formation of Self A sense of individual identity  Understand who we are in relation to others, and differentiate ourselves Begins in childhood, crystallizes in adolescence – lifelong process Importance of early socialization Learn how to control our impulses Think of ourselves as members of different groups Value certain ideals Perform various roles Socialization begins soon after birth Social interaction allows infants to begin developing a self­image or sense of self Self: a set of ideas and attitudes about who they are as independent beings Importance of interaction: Freud, Cooley, Mead, Goffman Freud Infants demand immediate gratification but being to form a self­image when their demands are  denied Realizes that its needs differ from those of its parents; it has an existence independent of others  and it must somehow balance its needs with the realities of life Develops a sense of what constitutes appropriate behavior and a moral sense of right and wrong Only social interaction can allow the self to emerge Cooley Looking­glass self: description of the way our feelings about who we are depend largely on how we  see ourselves evaluated by others We imagine how we appear to others through their gesture and reaction to us These judgments develop a self­concept or a set of ideas and feelings about who we are Mead ‘I’: the subjective and impulsive aspect of the self that is present from birth ‘Me’: the objective component of the self that emerges as people communicate symbolically and  learn to take the role of the other is not present from birth but emerges only gradually during social interaction you must see yourself objectively as a me to understand other people’s point of view ▯ be able to  take the role of the other Four Stages of Development Learn to use language and other symbols by imitating significant others: important people in their  lives Pretend to be other people; use imagination to role­play Learn to play complex games that require them to simultaneously take the r
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