Textbook Notes (362,929)
Canada (158,105)
Sociology (1,465)
SOC100H5 (495)
Chapter 3

Detailed Textbook Notes Chapter 3

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Suzanne Casimiro

Chapter 3: Culture What is Culture? Culture: Ways of thinking & acting, & the material objects that together shape a peoples way of life Nonmaterial Culture: Ideas created by members of a society Material Culture: Physical things created by members of a society Culture Shock: Personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life Culture, Nation, State, & Society Nation commonly used to refer to a political entity state or country; it also refers to a people who share a culture, ancestry, & history State is a political entity in a territory with designated borders Society refers to organized interaction of people within a nation, state, or other boundary who share a culture How many cultures? Documented 7,000 languages, suggesting the existence of @least that many distinct cultures # of languages in world is declining; roughly half are now each spoken by fewer than 10,000 people Likely causes: 1. Electronic communication 2. Increasing international migration 3. Expanding global economy Elements of Culture Symbols:Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share culture Some settings, some actions conveys interest; in others, understanding; in still others, insult We feel lost & isolated, unsure of how to act, & sometimes frightened a consequence of being outside of symbolic web of culture Culture shock 2-way process: 1. Traveller experiences when encountering people whose way of life is unfamiliar 2. Traveller inflicts on others by acting in ways that might offend them Symbolic meaning vary within a single society Cultural symbols also change over time www.notesolution.com
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