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Canada (158,529)
Sociology (1,479)
SOC100H5 (506)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6

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Suzanne Casimiro

Chapter Six: Social Interaction in Everyday Life Social interaction: processby which people act and react in relation to others Social Structure: A guide to everyday life Members of every society rely on social structure to make sense of everyday situations and frame their lives Status • Defn: a social position that a person holds • Part of social identity and helps define our relationship to others Status Set • Defn: all of the statuses that persona holds at given time • Over a lifetime, people gain and lose many statuses Ascribed and Achieved Status • Classified in terms of how people achieved them • Ascribed Status: social position that is received at birth or assumed involuntarily later in life o Ex. Being a daughter, a teenager o Matters of which people have little or no choice • Achieved Status: social position which is assumed voluntarily and reflects personal ability and effort o Ex. Honour students, athlete, spouse o Individual has some choice • Most statuses involve combination of both Master Status • Defn: status that has exceptional importance for social identity, often shaping person’s life • More important than others • Occupation may be a master status because it conveys information about social background, education and income • Negative- serious illness may also be a master status Role • Defn: behaviour expected of someone who holds a particular status • Person holds status and performs role o Ex. Student-> attend class and finish assignments • Roles and statuses vary from culture to culture Role Set • Defn: number of roles attached to single status • Global perspective shows that the roles of people use to define their lives differ from society to society Role Conflict and Role Strain • Role conflict: conflict among the roles connected to two or more statuses www.notesolution.com o Experienced when we find ourselves pulled in various directions as we try to respond to the many statuses we hold o Response to this is deciding that something has to go • Role Strain: tension among roles connected to single status o Carry out on role at a particular time, while performing roles of another status at different time and place Role Exit • Defn: process by which people disengage from important social roles • Defined the process of becoming an “ex”- Helen RoseEbaugh • Process begins as people come to doubt their ability to continue in certain role; imagine alternatives and decide to pursue new life Social Construction of Reality • Defn: processby which people shape reality through social interaction • Follows symbolic-interaction paradigm • Social interaction amounts to negotiating reality Thomas Theorem • Defn: situations we define as real become real in their consequences • Although reality is “soft” as it’s fashioned, it can become “hard” in its effects Ethnomethodology • Harold Garfinkel • Defn: study of way people make sense of their everyday surroundings • Everyday behaviour rests on a number of assumptions • To seewhat assumptions we make about reality, we should purpose break the rules o Ex. Taking boyfriend’s hand from the front Reality Building: Class and Culture • How we act or what we seein our surroundings depends on our interests • Social background affects what we see • In global perspective, reality construction is more variable • People build reality from surrounding culture Dramaturgical Analysis: The Presentation of Self • defn: study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performances • status= part in play • role= script (provides dialogue and actions) • presentation of self aka impression management: person’s effort to create specific impressions in the minds of others o begins with idea of personal performance Performances www.notesolution.com • we reveal information about ourselves in everyday situations (either consciously or unconsciously) • way we dress- costume, objects we carry – props, tone of voice/gestures(manner) o ex. Doctor’s office (pg134) Non-verbal
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