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Chapter 13

Chapter 13

8 Pages

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Suzanne Casimiro

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Chapter 13: Gender Stratification Gender and Inequality Gender: personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male Gender shapes how we interact with others and how we think about ourselves Involves hierarchy- ranking men and women differently in terms of power, wealth and other resources Gender Stratification: unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women MaleFemale Differences not to think of social differences in biological terms o ex. Women denied vole because they were assumed to be not smart enough nor to have interest in politics to make good decisions. This attitude reflected cultural patterns, not biological reasoning most of the differences between men and women turn out to be socially constructer some differences in physical ability between men and women o men (on average), 10% taller, 20% heavier and 30% stronger research doesnt point to any difference in overall intelligence between sexes biologically men and women differ in limited ways, neither is naturally superior. o Culture defines two sexes very differently Gender in Global Perspective The Israeli Kibbutz Collective settlements called kibbutzim ; kibbutz (singular form) Gender equality is one of its stated goals; men and women share in both work and decision making Both sexes share most everyday jobs Girls and boys raised in the same way This provides evidence that cultures define what if feminine and what is masculine Margaret Meads Research Research on gender Hypothesis: if gender is based on biological differences between men and women, people everywhere should define feminine and masculine the same way; if gender is cultural, theses conceptions should vary Studied three societies in New Guinea 1. The Arapesh -men and women have remarkably similar attitudes and behavior -both sexes were co-operative and sensitiveto others -in short, what North American culture would label as feminine 2. Mundugumor -both sexes typically selfish and aggressive -traits that North Americans would define as masculine 3. Tchambuli -defines females and males differently www.notesolution.com
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