Textbook Notes (363,381)
Canada (158,358)
Sociology (1,471)
SOC100H5 (498)
Chapter 23

Chapter 23

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Suzanne Casimiro

Chapter 23: Collective Behaviour and Social Movements Social movement: organized activity that encourages or discourages social change Collective behaviour: activity involving large number of people, often spontaneous, and usually in violation of established norms Other forms of collective behaviour includes mobs, riots, crowds, gossips and rumour, public opinion, fashion and fads and panic and mass hysteria Studying Collective Behaviour Studying collective behaviour is difficult for three reasons: Collective behaviour is diverse Involves wide range of human action Collective behaviour is variable Much collective behaviour is transitory Disasters, rumours and fads come and go quickly all collective behaviour involves action of some collectivity (large number of people whose minimal interaction occurs in the absence of well-defined and conventional norms) o localized collectivity: refers to people physically close to one another o dispersed collectivitymass behaviour: involves people who influence one another despite being spread over large area three main differences between collectivities and social groups: 1. people in collectivities have little or no social interaction 2. collectivities have no clean social boundaries 3. collectivities generate weak and unconventional norms Localized Collectivities: Crowds crowd: temporary gathering of people who share a common focus of attention and who influence one another Herbert Blumer identified four categories of crowds: Casual Crowd Defn: loose collection of people who interact very little, if at all Ex. People lying on a beach Conventional Defn: results from deliberate planning Crowd Ex. Country auction, college lecture or funeral Behaviour of people involved follows set of norms Expressive Crowd Defn: forms around an event with emotional appeal Whatever the occasion, excitement is the main reason people join expressive crowds Acting Crowd Defn: collectively motivated by intense, single-minded purpose Set in motion by powerful emotions, which can sometimes trigger mob violence Mobs and Riots www.notesolution.com
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