Textbook Notes (363,007)
Canada (158,140)
Sociology (1,471)
SOC100H5 (498)
Chapter 20

Chapter 20

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Suzanne Casimiro

Chapter Twenty: Education Education: social institution through which society provides its members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms and values Schooling: formal instruction under direction of specially trained teachers Education: A Global Survey Canadians spend usually 18 years in school In low income countries, vast majority of people receive little or no schooling Schooling and Economic Development Extent of schooling in any society is tied to its economic development In low middle income countries, families and communities teacher young people important knowledge and skills Formal schooling available mainly to wealthy people who dont need to work Greed root word school means leisure Limited schooling that takes place in lower income countries reflects national culture Most low income countries dont have a lot of schooling Schooling in India 90% of children in India complete primary school Barely half of Indian children go to secondary school and very few go to universities 34% of Indians are illiterate Because many Indians seeless reason to invest in schooling of girls, only 49% reach secondary school Most children working in Indian factories are girls so their families can benefit from their earnings before they get married off into another family Schooling in Japan Schooling not always been part of Japanese way of life Today Japans educational system widely praised for producing some of worlds highest achievers Early grades concentrate on transmitting Japanese traditions Starting in early teens, students take series of difficult and highly competitive examinations More men and women graduate from high school in Japan (93%) than in Canada or U.S. Japanese students and their parents take entrance exams really seriously and about half of them attend cram schools to prepare for the exams Japanese students are best at math and science compared to any other high income country www.notesolution.com
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