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Chapter 10 Social StratificationWhat is Social Stratification A society that ranks people by hierarchyyBased on four principlesy1 Trait of societynot simplya reflectionof individual differenceclass and the number of opportunities one has is basedlargely on what class you are born into 2 Social Stratification carries on from one generation to another certainly there is room forsocial mobility 3 Social Stratification is universal but variable inequality is everywhere but exactly what is unequal and how it is unequal is different from society to society4 Social stratification involves not just inequality but beliefs as well Caste and Class System Sociologists distinguishbetween closed and open systemsyCaste systemclosed Class systemopenyCaste SystemSocial stratification based onbirth or ascription yAllows for no or little social mobility yEx India yFour major castesVarna Brahman Kshatriya Vaishyaand Shudra yEach cast performs a type of workyMarry within castsendogamous and is usually arranged when still childrenyPeople are supposed to be hanging out with people of their own caste yBuild on cultural beliefs y Caste systems are typical of agrarian culturesand they are schooled into wanting to do the same jobs as y their parents People living n industrial areas however have more choice than agrarian societies yClass SystemSocial stratification based on birth and individual achievementyPeople inter marryyMore choice over life as well as marriage partner yMeritocracySocial stratification based on how well some one does and how much effort they put into theirjobyIn such a societythere is constant social mobility as it depends on a persons later work y Caste systems define merit as how dutiful someone is to their workit wastes human potentialbut are y organized Class systems keep both the order of the caste systempassing wealth on from one generation to anothery and some of the Merit system Pure Meritocracy would weaken family ties yStatus consistencyThe degree of someones consistency In someones social standingyCaste systemhigh Status consistencyno social mobilityyClass System low status consistency yClasses are much harder to define than castesyCaste and Class The United KingdomMix of meritocracy and Caste y
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