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12 Nov 2012
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Chapter 4
From Social Interaction to Social Organizations
Feminist Theory, Emotion, and the Building Block of Social Interaction
-A researcher evesdropped on 1200 conversations of people laughing in public spaces
-When they heard someone laughing, they recorded who laughed (speaker, listener both) and the
gender of the speaker and the listener.
Findings: -women laugh more than men do in everyday conversations
- biggest discrepancy in laughing is when the speaker is a women and the listener is a
man.
In this case, women laugh more than twice as often as men do.
- When a man speaks and a woman listens
women is more likely to laugh than the man is.
-Men are more likely than women to engage in long monologues and interrupt when others are talking.
-Men are less likely to ask for help or directions because doing so would imply a reduction in their
authority
-Most male-female conflict results from these differences
Ex. Helpful female passenger, Stubborn male not wanting directions
Social Interaction: Involves people communicating face to face or via computer, acting and reacting in
relation to other people. It is structured around norms, roles and statuses
Feminists
-gender often structures interaction patterns
-If we define status as a recognized social position, people with higher statur (men) get more laughs and
people with lower status (women) laugh more
Class clowns = Boys
-Laughter is a signal of who has higher and lower starts
-Social structure influences who laughs more
Role: set of expected behaviour
Note: People occupy a status whereas they perform a role
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Document Summary

Feminist theory, emotion, and the building block of social interaction. A researcher evesdropped on 1200 conversations of people laughing in public spaces. When they heard someone laughing, they recorded who laughed (speaker, listener both) and the gender of the speaker and the listener. Findings: -women laugh more than men do in everyday conversations. Biggest discrepancy in laughing is when the speaker is a women and the listener is a man. In this case, women laugh more than twice as often as men do. When a man speaks and a woman listens. Women is more likely to laugh than the man is. Men are more likely than women to engage in long monologues and interrupt when others are talking. Men are less likely to ask for help or directions because doing so would imply a reduction in their authority. Helpful female passenger, stubborn male not wanting directions.

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