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Chapter 4

Chapter 4-soc100.docx


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100H5
Professor
Gregory Bird
Chapter
4

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Chapter 4
From Social Interaction to Social Organizations
Feminist Theory, Emotion, and the Building Block of Social Interaction
-A researcher evesdropped on 1200 conversations of people laughing in public spaces
-When they heard someone laughing, they recorded who laughed (speaker, listener both) and the
gender of the speaker and the listener.
Findings: -women laugh more than men do in everyday conversations
- biggest discrepancy in laughing is when the speaker is a women and the listener is a
man.
In this case, women laugh more than twice as often as men do.
- When a man speaks and a woman listens
women is more likely to laugh than the man is.
-Men are more likely than women to engage in long monologues and interrupt when others are talking.
-Men are less likely to ask for help or directions because doing so would imply a reduction in their
authority
-Most male-female conflict results from these differences
Ex. Helpful female passenger, Stubborn male not wanting directions
Social Interaction: Involves people communicating face to face or via computer, acting and reacting in
relation to other people. It is structured around norms, roles and statuses
Feminists
-gender often structures interaction patterns
-If we define status as a recognized social position, people with higher statur (men) get more laughs and
people with lower status (women) laugh more
Class clowns = Boys
-Laughter is a signal of who has higher and lower starts
-Social structure influences who laughs more
Role: set of expected behaviour
Note: People occupy a status whereas they perform a role
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