Textbook Notes (369,205)
Canada (162,462)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC209H5 (126)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2.doc

3 Pages

Course Code
Paula Maurutto

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
SOC209 – Chapter 2 • Throughout history cost of criminal justice has inflated  annual cost is near $13 billion • Because of multiculturalism in Canada, maintaining and abiding by the laws becomes more and more difficult. Ex1) religious views contradict the law  Muslim women attire • Justice system built for “traditional” forms of crime • Organized crime causes many problems due to activities like, drug trafficking, sex slavery and money laundry • Very costly to combat gangs, teams like the RCMP investigators, Combined Forces Special Enforcement (CFSE) all made to combat gang and their activities • Many different groups of offenders, can range from  elderly, mentally ill and sex offenders, but all these people still need help • Gender relations on task force  over that last couple of years a effort has been put into hiring more and more female officers. Task Environment: • The cultural geographic and community setting in which the criminal justice personnel make decisions • Characteristics influence the types of crime and social disorder • Different areas deal with different crimes: 1. Rural area  weed crops 2. Urban area  gang activity, robberies • Perception of crime overrated, punishment for those crimes are underestimate • Depending on experiences police/justice reviews can very heavily • Social disorder leads to different levels of fear of crime • Media does not help, via facebook, twitter word gets around about the crime, before it reaches the authorities • Justice in communities depends on community where stuff like community watches, often get negative reviews, because society would rather wait on the authorities then take action themselves (Figure 2.1 & 2.2 pg  43). Developing Effective Criminal Justice Policies • Assistance of community/society needed to stop crime • Levels of crime can defer, depending on or the effectiveness of the system is hard to determine. • Judges and courts have a hard time solving problems, rather than just reacting to it  major criticism • “Swinging Pendulum”: Public and political attitudes of crime prevents policies and programs from developing • Crime Rate: The number of criminal incidents known to the police, as a ratio to the size of the population. • Dark Figure of Crime: The difference between how crime occurs and how much i
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.