The portfolio includes the federal agencies that are responsible for public safety
and security. Iit is directed by the federal minister. It provides strategic policy
advice and a wide range of programs and services related to public safety.
o RCMP operates as federal police force across Canada
o Operates the Canadian police college, police info centre (CPIC, forensic
laboratory services and other specialized services.
Federal Prosecutors,Courts, and Judges
o The justice system is staffed by full time judges, lawyers, prosectors.
o The federal prosecution service conducts prosecutions all across Canada for the
Attorney General of Canada.
o Judges are chosen through the office of commissioner for Federal judicial Affairs
( federal governments appoints them)
o Correctional service looks over the operation of federal correctional insitituions.
o Responsibility is shared with post release supervision of federal offenders
o There are three provincial police services. Ontario provincial police,, the surete
du Quebec and the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary .
o Provincial governments oversee independent municipal police departments
wherever they exist
The Flow of Cases Through the justice system
o Offences reported by police, trail and convinction by judge/jury, Sentencing
hearing, Federal penitentiary or provincial prison, custody/
rehabilitation¸decision to release, Community Supervision, End sentence.
o These are the stages ofcases that go through the justice system however these
stages don’t indicate the dynamics and challenges that come with making these
decisions to arrest, incarcerate, the roles of the victim and many other variables
o The Canadian criminal justice stystem is an adversarial system// adcersarial
system means that the justice system looks at each party to present therir case
before the neutral judge or jury
o A presumption of innocence is expected, until proven guilty