Textbook Notes (363,232)
Canada (158,276)
Sociology (1,471)
SOC211H5 (29)
Chapter 1

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Reza Barmaki

Key Terms & Concepts – Chapter 1 SOC 211 Bell curve - a graph of a normal (Gaussian) distribution, with a large rounded peak tapering away at each end Corporate Crime - In criminology, corporate crime refers to crimes committed either by a corporation, or by individuals acting on behalf of a corporation or other business entity Deviance – Presumed behaviour that defies social expectations that are made and enforced by people with influence (power) and have been applied to particular people or groups in particular situations. Deviance is the outcome of a particular social process; it does not exist apart from that process. Deviant - departing from usual or accepted standards, esp. in social or sexual behavior. Deviants are those people identified by names or images that mark them as less worthy than other people Functional Harm – occurs when deviance has a negative effect on the way that a particular system works Morally excluded - It is a psychological process where members of a dominant group view their own group and its norms as superior to others, belittling, marginalizing, excluding, even dehumanizing targeted groups Normal distribution - a function that represents the distribution of many random variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph Normative standards - normative behavior is used to describe actions that are intended to normalize something, or make it acceptable. A norm is something that is considered usual, typical, or standard Ontological harm - Threaten the working of the system but also undermined things that made the medieval world meaningful. Contribute to chaos & disorder Pedophile –steal children’s innocence (and whom is sexually attracted to children) and, because of them, pats on the back and supportive hugs have become off-limits in the classroom and on the playing field Stigmatize - describe or regard as worthy of disgrace or great disapproval Treason - the crime of betraying one's country, esp. by attempting to kill the sovereign or overthrow the government Vicarious experience - Living in our heads the apparently more exciting or interesting lives of others - or by investigating them and discovering that our own lives are preferable Reform: Make changes in something in order to improve it 3 Main dangers with reform as a research motivation: 1. It sometimes outruns our tested knowledge 2. Understanding means excusing often interferes when reform is motivation 3. Ignores that many kinds of deviance are not as harmful as they are made out to be Harmfulness does not distinguish or define deviance, 3 reasons: 1. The evidence that deviance is harmful is often exaggerated o
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