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Gender, Race, Ethnicity and Citizenship

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Cynthia Cranford

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Gender, Race, Ethnicity and Citizenship status at work lecture 2
Intersectional analysis - A theory and method of inequality
Not biological
Socially constructed through social relations
Gender relations are unequal in power between men and women
Gender relations are material relations (i.e women are better suited for motherhood)
Race and ethnicity are also socially constructed and are not biological and they are
made to matter.
Citizenship status- are they born in Canada, or working here for short period of time
Three different ways scholars do intersectional analysis
1. Groups:
·First way intersectionality was theorized
·To create a standpoint theory
·Based on the experiences
·Experience, voice, standpoint
·Instead of focusing just on relationship of the oppressed look at everything.
·Difference is more than diversity
2. Processes:
·Does include the unmarked category
·Social relations between employers and employees
·Looks at it more as a social relation
·Macro level gets lost.
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