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SOC232H5 (25)
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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC232H5
Professor
Erik Schneiderhan
Semester
Fall

Description
A theory of power for women? Nancy Hartsock  Many of the factors which divide women also unite some women with men- factors such as racial/cultural differences  Theories of power for women will also be theories of power for other groups as well  Construct an understanding of the world that is sensitive to the difference  In our efforts to find ways to include voices of marginalized groups, one might expect helpful guidance from those who have argued against totalizing and universalistic theories such as those of the Enlightenment  Postmodern writers argue against faith in a universal reason we have inherited from enlightenment European philosophy o Reject stories that claim to encompass all of human history o Propose a social criticism that is ad hoc, contextual, plural and limited  Author proposes that these theories would hinder rather than help its accomplishment  Some universalistic assumptions creep back into their work  Postmodernism, despite its stated efforts to avoid problems of European modernism, at best manages to criticize these theories without putting anything in their place  Postmodernist theories can recapitulate effects of enlightenment theories which deny the right to participate in defining the terms of interaction  Albert Memmi (The colonizer and the colonized)- those f us who have been marginalized enter the discussion from position analogous to that which the colonized holds in relation to the colonizer  Philosophical and historical creation of a devalued “other” was the necessary pre-condition for creation of transcendental rational subject outside of time and space, subject who is speaker of enlightenment philosophy  The colonized emerges as the image of everything the colonizer is not  Other is always seen as “not” as a lack, a void, as lacking in valued qualities of society; humanity of the other becomes opaque  Others not seen as fellow individual members of human community but as part of chaotic, disorganized, and anonymous collectivity  Way of looking at world characteristic of dominant white, male, Eurocentric ruling class, a way of dividing up the world that puts an all-powerful subject at centre and constructs marginal others as sets of negative qualities  Said describes creation of
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