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Shifting the Paradigm.docx

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Erik Schneiderhan

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Shifting the Paradigm Excluded Standpoints, Alternative Knowledge INTRODUCTORY ESSAY: WEBS OF KNOWLEDGE IN THE D IGITALD IVIDE  Internet shifted the model for how we think about media, technology, and knowledge itself  Although the internet offered a faster vehicle of communication, not everyone would be able to use it  According to research conducted in late 1990s by National Telecommunications and Information Administration, early internet users in U.S. tended to be younger, more educated, and wealthier than non-users o Internet use varied by race  International Telecommunications Union and United Nations reported that there were more than 8 times as many internet users in U.S. as on the entire continent of Africa in 2004  Eszter Hargittai and Gina Walejko found a ‘participation gap’ o Argue that creative content produced and uploaded on Internet by youngsters determined more by their socioeconomic status than the new opportunities that the internet provides  Social facts as social constructions that confront us as if they are an external reality separate from any sort of origin according to Durkheim CLASSICAL CONNECTIONS : W.E.B. DU BOIS AND SIMONE D E BEAUVOIR  Thomas Kuhn- ‘paradigm shift’- moment when mysteries that cannot be explained by one scientific worldview lead to the revolutionary creation of a new one  Du Bois in The Souls of black folk- draws from history, sociology, literature, and black spirituals to capture what it was like to live as a black person in early 29 century America o Struck by inconsistent challenges of newness, particularly the persistence of segregation in American society despite freeing slaves decades earlier th o Segregation persisted into 20 century through institutions like housing, education and labour and through cultural legacy of racism (stereotypes and assumptions about skin colour the seeped deep into public imagination and shaped everyday lives of people of colour) **Segregation was an objective, structural condition of American society as well as a realistic, subjective one** o Connection between larger social forces and individual lived experiences through his metaphor of the veil o In The New Politics of Race, Howard Winant- how this metaphor is meant to capture both the conflict of racism at the societal level and knowledge of ‘the other’ held at the interpersonal level o Du-Bois- ‘double- consciousness’ emerges in psychological and social experience of seeing the world through lens of both a black person and an American **Concept of double-consciousness similar to Simmel’s concept of ‘the stranger’  Phenomenology is the study of lived experience and meaning; Simone de Beauvoir interested in how meaning gets attributed to gender and how such meaning lea
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