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SOC323- May 13 reading notes.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Nicole Myers

May 13- Reading Notes Women, Law and Social Change Systematic Mistreatment -two levels: application of seemingly neutral practices (that have an adverse effect on women of colour, and through “internalized dominance” -neutral measures: LSATS (biased questions directed to a particular race, social status in world experience), recruiting and hiring practices might also be discriminatory Internalized Dominance -the way in which dominant members of society participate and contribute to the oppression of others -positive messages about white mainstream and negative about People of Colour and other members of society (age, sexual orientation, physical disability etc.) -The white mainstream experience is seen as ‘normal’ the failure to notice the exclusiveness is “Part of the privilege of being white” -ID gives members of the dominant group the experience of the powerfulness and members of the oppressed group the experience of powerlessness -ID is also seen in terminology such as “visible minority”  these act as ways to ingrain stereotypes around race and sex, the ideas need to be unlearned individually Internalized Oppression and Binding Cultural Ties 1. The Woman of colour approaches law school with the social conditioning that she is an oppressed person can be reflected in the behaviour of said person, usually by way of accommodating behaviour 2. WOC may come with ethno cultural baggage of her own regarding the role of women ex. Asian women are more likely to be less assertive than white women, especially with men 3. WOC from ethno cultural communities feel as though they live in two separate worlds, belonging to neither and alienated by both 4. Spectrum to which they belong: either identify and maintain affiliations with their ethno cultural communities or become assimilated with the dominant culture - Those who assimilate tend to hold strong to the belief that there is equality and perceive themselves also as equals, and having a greater chance in the legal world The Strategy of Racelessness- The Way to succeed? -raceless persona develops when People of Colour minimize their connections with their racial/ethnic background and assimilate with the dominant cultural  in an analysis: Black adolescents, it was found that the raceless might be influenced by gender, with female high achieving students appearing more willing to identify with the dominant cultural -the dominant group tends to accept certain racial groups more readily than others  UBC law school was more likely to accept Asians rather than Aboriginals -Social class plays a role in how accepted a particular race may be accepted in the dominant culture class has the power to minimize internalized oppression and reduce domination -while Racelessness might reduce the oppression, it comes at a cost Out in the Working World -systematic employment discrimination in the legal profession occurs in the procedures and decisions on recruiting, hiring, salaries, and working conditions -interview process can operate on the disadvantage of women interviewers decision is based on the unconscious feelings, internalized dominance, or conscious attitudes about the applicant, whether or not they will ‘fit’ into the job -WOC must face the stereotypes based on race and sex can confide in other women lawyers in matters pertaining to sex and gender, but race is harder as a WOC may feel as though like she is being disbelieved -According to research, women are given much more research based work, and less work pertaining to clients because of stereotypes that women are either “too emotional” or “Too aggressive” The Psychological Toll -with success comes alienation, Racelessness, and loneliness -achievements disprove stereotypes of people of colour, but also perpetuate the “myth of equality” which allows the dominant culture to continue in its blindness against internalized dominance -WOC lack the ability to reflect change in structures and institutions, but cannot gain that ability until the systems inherently biased are changed -because racism is so complex and propagated by individuals and the system, me
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