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SOC341H5 (18)
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key points for textbook readings for lecture 2

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC341H5
Professor
Lina Samuel
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 2 :Chapter 6: Occupational Segregation Tracy Adams and Sandy Welsh - Where people work and what they do depends on their gender, race andor ethnicity, and other factors - These differences are significant because they have implications for inequality - Occupations for men and women and members of various groups are different and so are their rewards, opportunities for promotion, job security and so on - Traditionally, white women and men and women of colour, have fewer opportunities for good-paying, meaningful work leading to promotions than have white men - Occupational segregation occurs when people from different social categories do different types of work eg. Age, race - Sex segregation occurs when men and women work in different occupations, jobs, andor workplaces - Racial segregation occurs when people from different racial and ethnic backgrounds work in occupations, different jobs - Vertical segregation = occupation segregation assoc. w income inequality - Horizontal = diff groups work in diff jobs (often diff sectors of economy) earnings are comparable when shouldnt be since diff work+sector should = diff pay The Extent and Nature of Sex Segregation - When measuring the extent of segregation - index of dissimilarity - % of people who would have to change their occupation to = unsegregated occupational distribution o Indexes found of dissimilarity of 70.7% for 1961 and 68.8% in 1971- Now 50% of women would have had to change jobs to have the same occupational distribution as men - Beilby and Baron examined: o Found that sex segregation at the level of jobs is higher than occupational- level segregation for two main reasons: 1) men and women share a broad occupation category and do similar work, they are often given different job titles, when different incomes and opportunities for advancement 2) Men and women rarely do similar work in the same organization and location The Extent and Nature of Racial Segregation - The highest number was for men of Jewish background in 1971, 51% whom would have to change jobs to resemble the labour force as a whole www.notesolution.com
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