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SOC341H5 (18)
Chapter 10

notes for chapter 10 textbook reading associated with lecture 2

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Lina Samuel

SOC341 Chapter 10 Notes Rationalization set of interrelated social processes by which nature, individuals, culture and institutions have been systematically transformed by rational human action o Transformed Western European societies by long run tendency to bring order and perfection to less ordered and imperfect natural state o Can be seen as striving for perfectionincreasing mastery over external world by organization of life on basis of mens organization w each other, their tools & environment for purpose of greater efficiency & productivity 3 facets: Secularization - decline of magical interpretations & explanations of world authority of church social status of clergy secularization of world o Disenchantment enchantment bcm erased from life thru loss of faith provided by folk beliefs & religion = changing forms of thought & social action Calculability Rational action calculating social action by weighing means & ends prior to action producing continuous drive towards change o Practical rationality no external mythical causes affecting outcome of human actions & sees reality o Theoreticaltechnical rationality cognitive effort to master world thru causality & logical deduction & induction o Formal rationality practical orientation of social action to ensure (means) calculating ensures goals or outcome o Substantive rationality degree human action is guidedshaped by a value system regardless of outcome of action- orientation towards values Protestant Ethic Religion adds impediment to rationalism Found cultural different bw European Protestants & Catholics - Protestants study commerce = bcm skilledmanagement EE and not craft workers = choice of occupation bc mental characteristics within them but opposite descriptions were true Protestants didnt lead hedonistic lifestyle despite earning more Protestants had inner affinity toward ascetic lifestyle = receptive to capitalism Wealth = being Gods elect = acquire wealth is godly encouraging formation of capital Provides religious legitimacy for exploitation of human labour ones calling to make & save money to save soul from being damned www.notesolution.com
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