Honour Killing- Sev'er and Yurdakul

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Women and Gender Studies

Culture of Honour Culture of Change A Feminist Analysis of Honour Killings in Rural Turkey IntroductionHonour killing generic term used to refer to premeditated murder of preadolescent adolescent or adult women by one or more male members of the immediate or extended family Often undertaken when a family council decides on the time and form of execution due to an allegation suspicion or proof of sexual impropriety by the victim family council typically includes the father and brothers of the victim and may also include uncles grandfathers and male inlawshonour killing may have no justification at all and may rest solely on false accusations so farmost of the international inquiry and media attention has been honour killings in Islamic statesreported cases of honour killings may constitute only a small fraction of a culturally submerged iceberg honour killing are one extreme in the worldwide patriarchal violence against womeno not limited to Islamic countries as some people believe Turkey Contradictions between true modernization and patriarchal control of womenboth multiparty political governance and educational institutions have been completely disassociated from Islamic rule and lawbetween 19261928 Turkey adopted and implemented civil family and contract laws from Switzerland criminal law from Italy business administration laws from France and commerce laws from Germany o westernization in political and legal thought and practice has set turkey apart from other primarily moslem states that have retained much closer links between religion and other institutions including politics education and justice systemspolygamy betrothal and prideprice outlawed in Turkey contrary to other Islamic countriesmodernized civil and family laws provide equal rights to women and men in education employment and inheritance and equalize womens and mens rights and obligations in divorceTurkish law harshly criminalizes violence among close family members Turkish women received the right to vote and be elected in municipal state and federal elections in the 1930s Inhibiting Forces against Modernization in Womens StatusDisadvantages in the countrys demographicsPopulation is about 64 million and the country is plagued with a very high growth rateLike other economically struggling nations the population distribution is flat and disproportionately bottomheavy with about 30 of total population consisting of people younger than age 15 and less than 4 of the population older than 65 years of ageLife expectancy remains low and infant mortality remains highOlder people rural residents and women significantly more likely to be illiterateCorrelated with disadvantages in education womens labour force participation is problematic for two reasons 1 Although the participation rates are 50 in rural areas womens work usually involves unpaid contributions to family farm or small business that are under mens control 2 Although the labour participation rate for men is 98 in urban areas womens rate is only 35 and women work in gendersegregated low paying service jobsTurkish customs explicitly emphasize family roes of women and deem secondary any work or career aspirations of women
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