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Chapter 1

Chapter 1 notes- Anthro text book by Shawn Lehman

6 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA01H3
Professor
Christopher Watts

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Chapter 1: Intro to evolutionary Anthropology
Anthropology: short notes (text book)
Anthropology: the global and holistic study of human culture and biology
Holistic: Considering all aspects of the research subject.
Non-human primate: any primate that is not human.
Morphology: The study of the form and structure of organisms
Ecology: The study of interrelationships oforganisms and their environment.
Primatology:
-scientific study of our closest extant biological relatives: non-human primate species
-species: a single, distinct class of living creature with features that distinguish it from
other living creatures.
-primate: any extant or extinct member of the order of mammals that include lemurs,
tarsiers, monkeys, apes and humans
Paleoanthropology:
-the multidisciplinary study of the biological evolution of humans and non-human primates.
- usually best known for excavating fossils ... researchers also investigate the advent of and
changes in human cultural activities
-including tool use, subsistence patterns, and disease
-ancient primates evolved and went extinct in response to a variety of geological and
biological processes
-paleoanthropologists lso investigate the evolutionary history of behaviour in human and
non-human primates
i.e Dr.Mark collard of Simon Fraser University combines biological evolution and
archaeology to understand patterns of primate and human evolution
Human Variation:
Anthropologists study human variation to determine spatial and temporal variations
in human features
We come in an array of sizes, shapes and colours
1
www.notesolution.com
Chapter 1: Intro to evolutionary Anthropology
Also have skeletal and dental variations
We are all homo sapiens
i.e. Dr. Esteban Parra uses genetic markers to answer questions related to the biological
evolution of skin pigmentation in human populations
Medical anthropology:
Study of how social, environmental, and biological factors influence health and
illness of individuals at the community, regional, national and global levels
Recent addition to evolutionary anthropology
Forensic anthropology:
Focuses only on the skeletal remains of humans
How do evolutionary anthropologists conduct their research?
Three types of research: descriptive, causal and applied
Descriptive research involves collecting data about the study subjects or objects
Causal research involves looking for one thing that causes another thing to happen
or change (cause and effect)
Applied research a scientist determines the means by which a specific, recognized
need can be met
Applied research can also be used in the previous example of deforestation effects on
local primates
Whats a theory?
Common theory: an idea based only on conjecture or personal opinion
Scientific theory is a well substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural
world that incorporates facts, laws, predictions and tested hypotheses
Both are very different from each other
Whats a hypotheses?
A testable statement about the natural world that a researcher uses to build
inferences and explanations
2
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Description
Chapter 1: Intro to evolutionary Anthropology Anthropology: short notes (text book) Anthropology: the global and holistic study of human culture and biology Holistic: Considering all aspects of the research subject. Non-human primate: any primate that is not human. Morphology: The study of the form and structure of organisms Ecology: The study of interrelationships oforganisms and their environment. Primatology: -scientific study of our closest extant biological relatives: non-human primate species -species: a single, distinct class of living creature with features that distinguish it from other living creatures. -primate: any extant or extinct member of the order of mammals that include lemurs, tarsiers, monkeys, apes and humans Paleoanthropology: -the multidisciplinary study of the biological evolution of humans and non-human primates. - usually best known for excavating fossils ... researchers also investigate the advent of and changes in human cultural activities -including tool use, subsistence patterns, and disease -ancient primates evolved and went extinct in response to a variety of geological and biological processes -paleoanthropologists lso investigate the evolutionary history of behaviour in human and non-human primates i.e Dr.Mark collard of Simon Fraser University combines biological evolution and archaeology to understand patterns of primate and human evolution Human Variation: Anthropologists study human variation to determine spatial and temporal variations in human features We come in an array of sizes, shapes and colours 1 www.notesolution.com
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